A traditional Mongolian ger or yurt is a portable, round tent covered with skins or felt and used as a dwelling by nomads in the steppes of Central Asia
Ger one of the Mongolian greatest heritage from our ancestors, has long history tracing from earlier centuries. In this period, obviously Mongolians ger structure get changed, developed and it is keeping its own features today.
Having extreme weather and nomadic way of life, ger is the most suitable dwelling for them. It is easy to collapse or build. And Mongolians used carts for moving to another place.
Different types - Mongolian gers are differs from each other by size and decoration. There are from 4 walls to 12 wall gers and simple or special decorated depending on usage.
In accordance with the nomadic lifestyle, Mongolian ger is easy to build up or down. The Mongolian ger has to key components:
Toono (roof) - This is the top part of the ger.
Uni (rafter) - This is the part which connects khana and toono.
Bagana (Pillars) -There are 2 bagana in Mongolian ger supporting the toono.
Khana (Walls) - Khana is divided into from 4 to 12 sections depending on the ger size.
Haalga(door) - Mongolian ger door is directed to the south traditionally.
Floor (Shal) - In the early of the history, there was no floor. last Mongolians started to use the floor.
Felt Cover of Roof Ring (Urkh) - This is the sheet covering the toono(ring roof).
Roof (Deever) - After builing the ger the felt roof is put on the uni(rafters)
Wall Cover (Tuurga) - It covers the wall.
White Dense (Outer Cover of Ger) - This is the part where covers the whole ger.